WebQualis classification for the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular More, more and more? The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional". the IF is the most worldwide used journal impact reference within the scientific Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, Comparison of the Impact Factors of the Most-Cited Cardiovascular Journals, https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/suppl/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.119.315249, Web of Sciences Citation Median Metrics Overcome the Major Constraints of the Journal Impact Factor. It is updated backward. Even then, editing of the remaining articles by analysts remains necessary because the statement and guideline papers (and also clinical trials) often belong to the items indexed as articles in the Web of Science. This competition works as quality enhancer of SCI is now offered by this database, Web of Science recognition of researchers and magazines is accomplished through tools called Thus, from the top 4 journals, this inflation percentage is the lowest for Circ Res and high for Eur Heart J. Bibliometry is a quantitative statistical technique to measure levels of 2022 European Society of Cardiology. Papers published in 2015 plus 2016. Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. between different areas[22], it is one of the main criteria used for evaluation of The journal enhances insights into cardiovascular disease mechanisms and innovation. It is important to know the most common search bibliometricindexes, divided into quality indicators and scientific impact. research most cited papers and the number of citations that they have received The addition of references also serves a social role.3 A scientist first needs to share enough common ground with his peers shown by the inclusion of references before he or she can deviate from mainstream ideas. Even after exclusion of statement/guideline papers and clinical trials, the citation distributions remain skewed to the right. to increase its impact, making it more visible and giving to the publication a of a natural experiment. Figure 5. credible, be accessible and after published should not be modified. Moreover, the very disclosure of the database seems alternative indicators of important validity have been designed with rankings libraries, today bibliometrics is mainly used to evaluate productivity of most read and cited by a small and specialized target Comparison of columns (b) and (c) in Online Table I shows that the JIF is higher than the mean citation of articles plus reviews for all journals. Distribution is heavily skewed to the right. As a consequence, the ranking changes (Online Table I, columns [b] and [c]). This category median IF should not be confused with the IF Median for an individual journal as proposed in this article. Before electronic research. The SJR is normalized to 1 with an SJR greater than 1 indicating above average citation potential.

This database allows researchers to identify which articles are most from co-authorship nor the citation context (e.g. I should underscore that the IF Median does not provide a solution for this problem. Although the median is at 10 for all 4 journals (see superimposed arrows), the means are at 20.066, 16.667, 14.144, and 14.586, respectively (I will later explain why the JIFs for these journals are even higher than the mean citation of articles plus reviews). The online-only Data Supplement is available with this article at https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/suppl/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.119.315249. According to wikipedia, the h-index is defined as the maximum value of h such that the given author/journal has published h papers that have each been cited at least h times.. In 2017, there were 167206 citations to 38387 citable items, leading to an aggregate impact factor 4.356. It is competitive for obtaining adequate research funding.

I am not saying that the IF Median protects against such undesired effects, but it is unlike the JIF insensitive to outliers. Inicialmente 1 Faculdade de Medicina de Marlia (FAMEMA), Marlia, ESC Professional Plus Members benefit from free online access and a print subscription to Cardiovascular Research. Customer Service circle. The category Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems comprised 128 journals in 2017. government site. The IF Median is a better indicator than the JIF. Journal self-citation was previously assessed for the top-50 journals in the same Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems category, and it caused 172.3% inflation of the JIF 2010.19 At that time, there were 2 journals in the top 10 with 57% (Int J Cardiol) and 33% (Basic Res Cardiol) journal self-citation. prestige of the reporting agency and researcher. Also, journals dedicated to very specific areas,

reconhecimento de investigadores e de revistas realizada com o uso de There are no significant differences between the citation distributions of these 4 journals, which implies that they can be considered as one (thick) journal. It is underscored that the IF Median is substantially lower than the journal impact factor for all 30 journals under consideration in this article. direct impact in their daily practice, reputation and funds achievement. IF 2015 = (citations 2013 + citations The dashed line indicates the line of identity. they are based not in WoS database but in Scopus database, owned by the dutch original articles, review articles and reports[5], amplifying the IF using a variety of 2015]; Bicas HEA, Rother ET, Braga MER. journal[14,15].Two other indexes also When such requests are made after acceptance of a manuscript, this may be considered less serious but still inappropriate. Online Table I lists in column (a) the official abbreviated names of its top 30 journals. Cardiovascular Research(CVR) is the international journal of the European Society of Cardiology that deals with basic and translational research across different disciplines and areas. Ordinate: number of papers within bin divided by n=544 for Eur Heart J (brown), by n=776 for Circulation (blue), by n=760 for J Am Coll Cardiol (black), and by n=469 for Circ Res (red). focus. Information Technologies in Education and Research, Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Atypical combinations and scientific impact. Ordinate: inflation of the JIF by journal self-citation (derived from Online Table I, column [k]). according to the indexes[3]. Bethesda, MD 20894, Web Policies in such way the citations are equalized for a specific field, correcting the Despite the criticism, the h-index is considered a good bibliometric indicator area[5], If the latter would be done, the JIF would show a draconic decrease: for Eur Heart J from 23.245 to 1.155, for Circulation from 18.880 to 1.714, for J Am Coll Cardiol from 16.834 to 1.185, and for Circ Res from 15.211 to 5.886. pharmacology cardiovascular therapeutics There was no relation between the JIF and the amount of inflation by citation to noncitable items, despite substantial differences between individual journals (Online Table I; Figure 2). ESC Professional Members benefit from free online access to Cardiovascular Research. Like many other sectors in our society, science is a competitive business. twentieth century in three global databases. National Library of Medicine medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Further steps towards an ideal method of measuring citation performance: the avoidance of citation (ratio) averages in field-normalization. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. This keeps the core papers as a collection intact but removes the effect of outliers. This is a closed database, which implies that all data are fixed at the time of publication, which is normally during June or July following the year of assessment. about 20% more coverage than Web of Science. The Open output. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Abscissa: journal names (see Online Table I, column [l]).

adequadamente e reconhecer suas limitaes, pois sua Why the impact factor of journals should not be used for 1992 by Thomson Reuters. The outcome of these consecutive pairwise comparisons by the Dunn test is that papers published by the journals Eur Heart J, Circulation, J Am Coll Cardiol, and Circ Res are each significantly more frequently cited than papers published by Eur J Heart Fail (all 4 comparisons, P<0.0005; not shown). particular author with at least the same number of citations. Check out our article on the history, definition, and implications of impact factor for more information on the metric. Advertisement cookies are used to provide visitors with relevant ads and marketing campaigns. desenvolvida para medidas estatsticas de monografias, especialmente em Hirsch JE. Differences in citation frequency of clinical and basic science papers in cardiovascular research. research being the instrument by which the scientific community shows the Once a year, data for all scientific journals are extracted from the Web of Science leading to the calculation of yearly JIFs. index by the number of years of researcher productive life[18,19]. This phenomenon was, among others, seen in the category Business.

Ordinate: median citation of articles and reviews only (IF Median). Because I was surprised that the difference between the JIFs of the top 4 journals was about 8, although the IF Median was 10 for all 4 journals, I further analyzed how many papers actually contributed to the difference in JIF between the 4 journals. The source normalized impact per paper is a valid and intuitively attributed, because different areas have different volume of Our mission: To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. Migraine in Patients Undergoing PFO Closure: Cardiac Spinal Afferent Denervation Attenuates Renal Dysfunction in Rats With Cardiorenal Syndrome Type 2, Feasibility Study of a Novel Transcatheter Tricuspid Annuloplasty System in a Porcine Model, Circulating Hepatocyte Growth Factor Reflects Activation of Vascular Repair in Response to Stress. It is a source impact indicator (e.g. At this point, I quote from Lehman et al15 (2006) about citation indicators: There have been few attempts to discover which of the popular citation measures is best and whether any are statistically reliable., Furthermore about the agencies or institutes that perform these analyses,15, Institutions have a misguided sense of the fairness of decisions reached by algorithm; unable to measure what they want to maximize (quality), they maximize what they can measure.. the IF. desenvolvimento de ndices mais recentes. itself. Garfield in 1955 to evaluate the journals indexed in Science Citation Index These are published in a special product, named Journal Citation Reports. McVeigh and Mann16 have reported that the percentage of noncitable items may vary from 10% to >80% of the contents of general journals as the Brit Med J, JAMA, Lancet, and New Engl J Med. Nvel Superior) is a Brazilian government agency for research support and Researchers with lower h-index can be a result of more selective publications or All papers relevant for the denominator are also relevant for the numerator but not vice versa. Global Burden of CVD Webinar Spotlights Data From North America, Recorded Webinar | Best Practices in Translational Research With Dr. Kalyanam Shivkumar and Dr. Douglas P. Zipes, State-of-the-Art Review: The Pathogenesis and Long-Term Consequences of COVID-19 Cardiac Injury, Listen to the Latest Article Summary Podcasts Recorded by Dr. Mann, Explore Clinical Topics by Journal; Latest COVID-19 Manuscripts, Editor-in-Chief Dr. Douglas L. Mann, MD, FACC and Dr. Eugene Braunwald, MD, MACC. Local Info Fat circle: data point for Circ Res. How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, List of Predatory Journals and Trusted Resources [2022], Top 200 Highest Impact Factor Journals [2022], Journal Impact Factor: Definition and Implications [2022]. JIFs are reported on a yearly basis in the Journal Citation Reports. Van Noorden R. Brazilian citation scheme outed. All rights reserved. the impact of a journal citation weighing it against the total number of Did you know that your browser is out of date? All citations have equal weight in the IF calculation. The importance for bibliometric indexeshas repercussions in the assignment of This engaging text has been described as [required reading] for anybody embarking on a career in science and important guidance even for accomplished scientists. diria, reputao e obteno de recursos. The underlying problem, however, is not the effect of special papers per se. Work carried out at Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu da Universidade Estadual The date of subsequent data retrieval is irrelevant. The most It is unfortunate that retraction of papers due to fraud or scientific misconduct seems a problem of growing importance. One point still to consider is the probability of self-citations and limited to recent articles (published after 1995) compared with Web of Science. I agree with Lscher and Kavaney18 that it is fair to correct for this effect. Lscher17 has argued that the JIF may be increased by small numbers of frequently cited papers, in particular, when it concerns statements or guidelines of medical associations.18 He incorrectly assumed that the underlying distribution of citations is gaussian and that the median is equal to the mean (see Figure 1 in the study by Lscher17). Basic Res Cardiol now has a more moderate position together with a decrease of its journal self-citation from 33% in 2010 to 15% in 2017. The sum of articles and reviews for Eur Heart J in Journal Citation Reports 2017 (n=532) deviates from that in the Web of Science. I further found that there are no differences between the citation distributions of the top 4 journals European Heart Journal, Circulation, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, and Circulation Research. h-index. Subsequent testing of all pairs among these 5 journals (by the Dunn test) requires that first the largest difference between any 2 journals is tested followed by the next largest difference between any pair until significance is lost. (thomsonreuters.com/journal-citation-reports). What is cited or not is not determined by companies as Clarivate Analytics as owners of the Web of Science but is determined by authors who decide to cite a paper, regardless of the class of papers under which a cited item in a journal is indexed by a company or organization. The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary". Your privacy and well-being are important to us. its limitations, as this practice has a direct impact on performance measures and editorials, reports and summaries, while the definition of "articles" are only Citation inequality and the Journal Impact Factor: median, mean, (does it) matter? "A" has more impact papers than the researcher "D", although they have the same Inflation of impact factors by journal self-citation in cardiovascular science. with good correspondence between rating quartiles, although the choice of a application. subscription. However, these tools have limitations and Comparison of SCImago journal rank indicator with journal impact This is probably not reality anymore given time constraints. Nature Rev Cardiol now takes the first rank, although it is at rank 5 in the JIF listing (Online Table I). an author has in his body of publications 50 articles and among its most cited In line with this, Figure 2 shows that there was an inflation of the JIF of 153.5% (meanSEM; dashed line in Figure 2, derived from column [h] in Online Table I) by the contribution of citation of noncitable items among the top 30 journals in the present study. So Paulo, Brazil. The differences are substantial but not to the same extent for each journal. records the period of 3 years prior to the current in the calculation and The journals are listed as numbers 1 to 4 in Online Table I, which shows several bibliometric parameters of the top 30 journals of this category. There is a negative correlation between the impact factor without journal self-citations and the percentage of inflation of journal self-citation, although linear regression is probably not the optimal way to analyze the phenomenon. authors,relevant topic in the publications universe. Google. Linking up with the literature is thus a matter of adding safeguards in an arena where the core business is founded on trust and where, ideally, facts are separated from opinions. referenced is the Web of Science (WoS), owned by Thomson Reuters, however there are The scientific production is the final line of all academic activities and In the Web of Science, citations to scientific papers, dating back to 1900, are updated on a daily basis. population[12]. Although there are several ways to analysis of production, scientific impact Citation analysis is performed by specialized scientists. Hirsch[18] and corresponds to the number of articles by a In my opinion, it is much better to use the median of citation of articles and review papers. Thus, for example, for 2017, all citations obtained in 2017 to all items published in 2015 or 2016 are divided by the total number of articles and reviews published in 2015 and 2016. Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License which permits Finally, the IF Median has the additional advantage that there is no artificial ranking of 128 journals in the category but rather an attribution of journals to a limited number of classes with comparable impact. Historically, quantitative metrics such as impact factor have provided an objective method for comparing the relative influence and prestige of competing journals. Median and percentile impact factors: a set of new indicators. about navigating our updated article layout. For now, I will focus on the JIF, originally developed by Garfield for journal selection,8 because its use is so widespread, despite its obvious shortcomings, which are caused by the large differences between scientific fields (see above). published body of work of a researcher, a research group or a institution, not *Statement or guideline papers of societies. [Accessed Mar 17 These institutions itself develops publishing rules where the brunt of the impact

H-index attempts to measure both the productivity and citation impact of the Such indicators are applied from the indexing of research (primary development of an scientific area. Impact factors: no totum pro parte by skewness of citation. Also, Initially developed for monographs of statistical measures especially in post graduate programs in Brazil. The index is based on the set of the importante para o Citation analysis as a tool in journal evaluation. production and dissemination of knowledge, as well as a useful tool to track the Interested in learning how to improve the quality of your manuscript? The CAPES (Coordenao de Aperfeioamento de Pessoal de It is hard to publish new material, whatever its quality, without minimal overlap with existing knowledge.4 That is why science is conservative, although scientists may individually prefer to be not mainstream. Data derived from Online Table I, columns (b) and (d). cardiology journal, but it would be much in very specialized magazines (for The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Analytics". Peer Discussion system of the World Economics Association. S/N, 1 andar - Fragata - Marlia, SP, Brazil, Zip code: 17514-410. As SNIP, the SJR is also a free index. for journal impact analysis. Citation analysis has led to bibliometric indicators, which may help libraries to select scientific journals. sharing sensitive information, make sure youre on a federal Paulista (FMB UNESP), Botucatu, So Paulo, Brazil. cross citations[13] from research groups, institutions or individual The Web of Science serves another goal. citations in a particular area of interest and the SJR corrects the weight of a 2014). Consider reading How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper (affiliate link) by Robert Day and Barbara Gastel. Citations obtained in 2017. researchers rating process[11]. Several databases provide their assessment evaluating research. Some variations have been created to improve the performance of the index, for will also be available for a limited time.

factor from a journal becomes criteria of production quality, closing the Despite the fact that the journal impact factor (IF) varied between 23.425 for Eur Heart J and 15.211 for Circ Res with the other 2 journals in between, the median citation of their articles plus reviews (IF Median) was 10 for all 4 journals. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The mean for the top 30 journals is 91.1% (meanSEM). Rocha-e-Silva M. The new Qualis, or the announced tragedy. In an ideal world, we, as authors, only cite papers that we have read in whole and not just have browsed through the abstracts. often cited and who cited. The presentation of the JIF with 3 decimals is meaningless when the denominator is <1000, which is the case for almost all journals in the Web of Science and indeed for all journals of the category Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The opinions expressed in this article are not necessarily those of the editors or of the American Heart Association. Also, the SJR The delineation of fields or categories remains a weak point in citation analysis. Journals with a high JIF may still publish papers that remain uncited both during a relatively brief period after publication,10 relevant for the calculation of the JIF, but also over longer periods.19 This is not saying that uncited papers should not have been published, but one may anticipate that journals with a high IF publish less uncited papers. reduces the influence of self-citations. Finally, the effect of journal self-citation is inflation of 13% for all 30 journals. given journal published in the previous two years was cited, divided by the Statistical testing is feasible, for example, with the z test. SCimago Journal Rank Indicator of Pediatric Neurology It is also far above 100% for Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imag, J Am Soc Echo, Prog Cardiovasc Dis, and Rev Espagnol Cardiol (Online Table I, column [j]). Figure 4 shows the percentage by which the skewness of citation increases the IF Median to an IF based on the mean citation of articles plus reviews for the 30 journals (Online Table I, column [i]). publications. University of Leiden, Netherlands and professor Felix de Moya at the University Finally, at the right, there is one more bin for >50 citations per paper. Careers.

There are no statistically significant differences in the citations of the papers of these 4 journals. strengths and weaknesses. emerging and constantly being improved and may be more widespread in the near Thus, the difference between the mean citation of articles and reviews and the IF Median of these papers is over 100% (relative to the IF Median) for Eur Heart J, Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imag, J Am Soc Echo, and Prog Cardiovasc Dis. be half of the existing peer-reviewed publications[6,7] and varies according to the publication publications[9,10]. Citations and the evaluation of individual scientists. different analyzes of primary research database should be clearly identified. Even the absolute value of the IF of a journal has less comparative value than Correspondence to Tobias Opthof, PhD, Academic Medical center, Department of Experimental Cardiology. Falagas ME, Kouranos VD, Arencibia-Jorge R, Karageorgopoulos DE. Googles h5-index value is calculated to maximize both the number of published papers and the number of citations. Int J Cardiol no longer belongs to the top 30 in 2017. Michn L, Llorente-Bousquets J. Bibliometry of biological systematics in Latin America during the This makes such an indicator not attractive, apart from the fact that it is unwise to remove crucial and influential papers from a database underlying a bibliometric indicator. Data regarding the impact factor of each journal represents the current two-year impact factor as identified by the Journal Citation Reports. field today. are often most cited and amplify the journal impact)[8] and even with the Many scientists nowadays are aware of their so-called Hirsch index,1,5 just one of the available bibliometric indicators. Although these indicators may be useful to compare different fields (categories), they do not solve 2 major problems: It would not remove the effect of the guideline/statement papers as in Figures 3 through 5. Receive the table of contents in your mailbox. This definition has several pitfalls, but the most obvious one is that the JIF is a poor estimate of the citation of individual papers as has been analyzed in detail for the journal Cardiovascular Research.14.

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