The Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing Countries. Biomass accounts for 45% of the energy consumption, oil for 31%, and natural gas for 15% (2020); the role of hydropower and coal is low: 6% and 3%, respectively. Spread across an area of 175,000 square kilometres in Sagaing and Magway Regions, Mandalay Division and Naypytaw Union Territory, the solar-hybrid plants are powering 250 off-grid telecom towers, which had previously relied on diesel power. [10], Myanmar has abundant energy resources, particularly hydropower and natural gas. Locally produced ELCs vary in quality and are less reliable. Prior announcement will be made when the businesses can be resumed. Myanmar Consolidated Media Co., Ltd. will temporarily suspend 3 months the following businesses starting from 21 February 2021 at 10:00 am. [1] Electricity consumption was 8.71 TWh.

Weve got you covered! (1) Myanmar Times Daily (Myanmar) Participants included civil society groups, the private sector, international lenders and government stakeholders, including the Ministry for Electricity and Energy. Yet pooling solar power capacity on the community level can provide more reliable electricity for all. In March last year, after a successful pilot project that built 10 power plants in 2017-2018, the rollout process building 250 power plants started. A 771 km-long crude oil pipeline between Myanmar and China was completed in 2014 and started operations in 2017. [20], Myanmar's Department of Renewable Energy and Hydropower Plants is prioritising the development of solar and wind energy. In fact, many communities managed to organize their own electricity systems in an absence of the state-led service provision under previous military rule. Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe), Interactive Chart Myanmar Total Energy Consumption, View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Myanmar energy report. In the Danu Self-Administered Zone, more than 100 village-run hydropower stations have been installed and supplied electricity for lighting, charging batteries, water pumps and rice mills. The 25,000 people, living in about 25 villages, expected to benefit from the solar-hybrid systems near the telecom towers previously had no choice but to rely on diesel, liquid fuels including kerosene, and candles for their lighting needs. Kyungmee Kim takes a closer look at the trend as fifth part of our Southeast Asia Series. With changing energy markets, business models based on distributed energy generation will play an important role to provide access to modern electricity for all. In efforts to cripple the military regimes finance, the main anti-coup group called for a boycott on utility payments. Without regulating the voltage and frequency of generators, the risk of damaging electronic appliances is high. Says Mirco Kreibich of Heinrich Bll Foundation, Myanmar needs a frank and inclusive debate on its energy policy. The 25,000 people, living in about 25 villages, expected to benefit from the solar-hybrid systems near the telecom towers previously had no choice but to rely on diesel, liquid fuels including kerosene, and candles for their lighting needs. However, its clear there are also immense opportunities with Yoma MicroPower quickly rolling out these solar-hybrid plants, showcasing its ability to play a prominent role in bridging Myanmars rural electrification gap and to spur sustainable and inclusive economic growth.. With the solid team and partners in Yoma Micro Power, we are optimistic about further expansion of its activities, to the benefit of businesses and households in Myanmar. In 2020, consumption per capita was 0.45 toe. Industrialized countries such as Germany show that a share of 35 percent or more is both technically and economically feasible. Spread across an area of 175,000 square kilometres, the solar-hybrid plants are powering 250 off-grid telecom towers, which had previously relied on diesel power. Please read the, "Interim Country Partnership Strategy: Myanmar, 20122014 Sector Assessment (Summary): Energy", "Ministry talks target of 100% electrification by 2030", "Renewable energy law in the works to speed up development", "Status for Renewable Energies in Myanmar", "Overview: Uncovering the untapped energy opportunities", "Country's first solar power plant to start operations in Magwe", "Rural areas to receive electricity powered by renewable sources: Minister", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Energy_in_Myanmar&oldid=1061810051, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from June 2021, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from June 2021, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 24 December 2021, at 03:26. These rates are much lower in rural areas and remote regions. Community-based organizations can provide crucial financial and technical support for communities lacking resources. Under its unconditional target, Myanmar seeks to avoid 105 MtCO2eq by 2030 from the BAU. A high-level roundtable held in Naypyitaw on Wednesday demonstrated the urgent need for Myanmar to explore green options, including solar and wind power, and to debunk persistent myths around renewable energy. By 2020, 68.4% of the population had access to electricity, and 50% of households were connected to the national grid. [18], Myanmar is developing its first wind power plant in Chaung Thar, Ayeyarwaddy Region, through a 30 MW wind power project it is undertaking with China's Three Gorges Corporation. Meanwhile, with electricity demand rising by almost 20 pc yearly, the country is aiming to generate an additional 3000 MW of electricity from various sources including liquefied natural gas (LNG), some of which has been imported this year. The connection is then extended to nearby communities, including households, schools, shops and businesses, through mini-grid distribution networks. Its estimated the 250 hybrid-power plants will offset more than 5,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually. This approach emphasized the expansion of the national grid and its capacity by developing large-scale hydropower dams and gas and coal power plants, which was met with societal resistance in several places. Community hydropower systems use natural streams with minimal construction to regulate the speed and flow of water. The reality is simply that Myanmar cannot afford to pursue fossil fuels and mega hydropower if it hopes to deliver sustainable energy access to its population while combating the effects of climate change, said Hanna Hindstrom, Campaigns Coordinator at EarthRights International. [13], The energy sector is considered a strategic industry by the Myanmar government and the petroleum sector is one of the biggest recipients of foreign direct investment. However, the cost of imported ELCs is high for local people ranging USD 2,000 5,000 per unit. The model is designed to be commercially viable. (5) Myanmar Times Facebook Pages (Myanmar/English) Many communities in myanmar organized their own electricity projects. With a population of close to 54 million, Myanmar has become one of Asias most rapidly growing economies, showing a 6.4% GDP growth rate in 201617. The Department of Research and Innovation under MOEE is preparing the renewable energy policy, with two main goals: developing hydropower by incentivising private sector participation (under BOT or as joint ventures) and increasing the use of alternative fuels by households, including biofuels. energy saving potential east asia outlook poster eria research This business model will contribute bringing much needed Foreign Direct Investment into Myanmar and augment its electricity generation and distribution infrastructure. - Translated. Together with Yoma, we aspire to be a leading contributor in the renewable energy sector of Myanmar and aid in its socio-economic development, bridging the countrys significant electrification gap through scalable and sustainable energy solutions., GEs Hybrid Distributed Power combines PV solar panels, batteries, and a diesel generator to provide reliable, cost effective, HELSINKI, Finland (March 20, 2018) The technology group Wrtsil today announced that it has delivered the worlds largest, ENERGY SECURITY, ECONOMIC SAVINGS, LOWER EMISSIONS (Palo Alto, CaliforniaMarch 28, 2022) Confronted with accelerated timelines to dramatically reduce, New York (March 15, 2021) GE Renewable Energy announced today that it has been selected byConvergent Energy. The total installed capacity of Myanmar at May 2020 is 6034 MW: 3262 MW of hydro power (54%), 2496 MW of natural gas (41%), 120 MW of coal (2%), 116 MW of diesel (2%) and 40 MW of solar (1%). Since the 2021 military coup, daily electricity blackouts across Myanmar have dented peoples livelihoods and wellbeing. With Yoma Micro Powers pioneering business model in Myanmar, mobile network operators and tower companies are the anchor clients, buying the electricity generated by the hybrid systems at a cost lower than diesel. In 2018, the MOEE targeted an 8% share of wind and PV in the power mix in 2021 and 12% in 2025. Pico- and micro-hydropower use natural streams, which only have enough water for generating power during six to nine months of the year. The refineries are old and their utilisation rate is low (around 10%). Some rural villagers have taken an independent route to tackling energy insecurity: developing community hydropower systems. [17] Energy subsidies for electricity and lacking tax policy, lack of qualified workforce and limited public administration capacity are viewed to be among the main obstacles complicating development of solar energy in Myanmar. [11] In 2013, Myanmar exported 8561 ktoe of natural gas and 144 ktoe of crude oil. This will bring the make the renewable energy composition to 54% and clean fuel (natural gas) composition to 45% of total installed capacity of 8,118 megawatts (MW). (7) Myanmar Times News App Medium term plans for Yoma Micro Power are to build thousands of hybrid power plants and provide electricity to hundreds of villages, in addition to dedicated renewable energy installation for large commercial consumers. kairos renewables Benefits from communitys energy projects have been most felt by poor households that lack funds to purchase their own diesel generators. [4] The country plans to achieve 100% electrification by 2030. The Yeywa hydropower plant opened in 2010 with a capacity of 790 MW, the largest in the country. Under an innovative business model, Yoma Micro Power uses solar-hybrid plants to generate and distribute affordable, reliable and clean energy to telecom towers, as well as to deliver much needed energy to people not connected to the grid. The Foundation for Renewable Energy and Environment, for instance, is a group of renewable energy activists promoting renewable energy solutions for and by local communities. The maximum load capacity has more than doubled from 51 MW in fiscal 2015-16 to 134 MW in fiscal 2019-20, according to the Mon State Electricity Supply Enterprise. The "Energiewende Team" has an administrative function. Community-driven energy systems usher in a set of challenges, namely the quality and reliability of the electricity supply. Rural households can pay for the electricity service using cash or Wave Money, Myanmars leading mobile financial technology provider, bringing electrical and financial inclusion together in rural Myanmar. The connection is then extended to nearby communities, including households, schools, shops and businesses, through mini-grid distribution networks. Villagers have collected funds to purchase turbines, transmission lines, and converters to make their own small-scale hydropower energy systems. The National League for Democracy should act in accordance with its election manifesto and promote renewable energy as a matter of political and economic importance, said U Aung Myint from the Renewable Energy Association Myanmar. Your email address will not be published. Your email address will not be published. How energy scarcity affects Nigerian women in rural areas during childbirth, Christian Democratic Party of Germany (CDU), the most vulnerable countries to climate change, Foundation for Renewable Energy and Environment, Paper Series on Energy Landscapes in Southeast Asia. Not a subscriber or a registered user yet? If Myanmar skips these steps, the countrys people and environment will end up paying the cost of damaging and short-sighted fossil fuel-driven energy plans, and the Myanmar government will lose some of the legitimacy and power attached to its current status as a net sink for carbon emissions. Only a few can operate all year around. If the government hopes to be together with the people it needs to show that it is willing to listen to concerns about its energy development and grid extension plans before making decisions.. International Comparison Program & Purchasing Power Parity, International Household Survey Network (IHSN), Trust Fund for Statistical Capacity Building. Sustainable, reliable, and affordable energy is key for human development, and community initiative are at the forefront. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a3a70d91867f9637d8d9af9c12936181" );document.getElementById("de625d4d35").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); How energy scarcity affects Nigerian women in rural areas during childbirthby Samuel Ajala21 Jul 2022, Akriti Bhargava, Karla Martnez Toral and Aradhna Tandon. [13], Developing solar energy in Myanmar is viewed as an important climate change mitigation measure for the country that is highly vulnerable to the detrimental impacts of climate change. Unelectrified rural communities typically located 10 kilometers from the national grid and without prospects of being connected to the grid in the next 5 to 10 years have been chosen for the project. Potentials and limitations of community-driven energy systems. We are first in your inbox with the most important news in the industry―keeping you smarter and one-step ahead in this ever-changing and competitive market. ET) , to start a free trial, get pricing information, order a reprint, or post an article link on your website. News & Technology for the Global Energy Industry. If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. Some of the systems leveraged the natural height of a waterfall to generate power. The company started piloting a number of small roof-top grid connected solar systems in 2018. [3], Most of Myanmar's electricity (74.7%) is produced by hydroelectricity. Your browser does not support javascript! On October 26, the Mon State government announced that 70pc of the state is now covered by the grid. (6) Myanmar Times Twitter Page Myanmar aims for 14% power generation from renewable sources, A man cleans the photovoltaic solar panels at the Benban Solar Park in Egypt, 18 January 2020. (3) Myanmar Times WEEKEND Please contact clientservices@accessintel.com or call 888-707-5814 (M Th 9 am 5:30 pm and F 9 am 3 pm. This guidebook documents the experiences and lessons learned from developing 12 pilot mini-grid systems for off-grid energy access in Myanmar. The reliance on hydropower entails a potential risk of capacity reduction in the future due to the effect of climate change. Myanmar this year awarded 30 solar projects to companies mostly from China. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. Public participation is necessary to ensure that electrification strategies reflect social needs. Costs associated with these systems ended up much more affordable than tariffs for the government-supplied electricity. Building 250 solar-hybrid power plants in a year is a remainnrkable achievement and one which puts Yoma Micro Power at the forefront globally in terms of delivering and distributing electricity in off-grid areas. It also highlighted how crucial it is for the Myanmar government to prioritize green energy and to promote regulatory reform that allows renewables to flourish. With the solid team and partners in Yoma Micro Power, we are optimistic about further expansion of its activities, to the benefit of businesses and households in Myanmar, We are delighted to partner with Yoma, who shares the same commitment as AC Energy to promote renewable energy and sustainability, said Patrice Clausse, Chief Operating Officer of AC Energy International. English | French | Spanish | German | Russian | Japanese | Korean | Chinese, Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - FAQs - Sitemap, Energy & Climate Modelling and Forecasting, Market, Competitive and Technology Intelligence, Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification, Nearly 30 years of successful market experience, Globally recognised experts and international teams of analysts, In-house forecasting models, databases and intelligence tools. Rural households can pay for the electricity service using cash or Wave Money, Myanmars leading mobile financial technology provider, bringing electrical and financial inclusion together in rural Myanmar. Norfund sine nettsteder benytter seg av informasjonskapsler. Due to such restrictions many households have installed solar PV in their roofs for charging batteries and water pumps. Another major challenge is the seasonal variability of water flows. The success of this rollout demonstrates the scalability of Yoma Micro Powers business model. A study of the Danu Self-Administered Zone in southern Shan State illustrates the potentials and limitations of community-led energy systems. Electricity consumption per capita is among the lowest in Asia (around 370 kWh in 2020 vs 1515kWh in the ASEAN). Building 250 solar-hybrid power plants in a year is a remarkable achievement and one which puts Yoma Micro Power at the forefront globally in terms of delivering and distributing electricity in off-grid areas, said Alakesh Chetia, CEO, Yoma Micro Power. After a successful pilot project that built 10 power plants in 2017-2018, Yoma Micro Power started the rollout to build 250 power plants in March last year. Photo: EPA-EFE, Myanmars corn exports on the rise but Thai imports more than halved, Mandalay market sees 10 pc drop in prices, Myanmar to prioritise economic recovery, says minister, Internet cut spells trouble for online businesses in Myanmar, Myanmar businesses call for stability in banking sector, IT associations call for amendments to Myanmar cybersecurity bill. (4) Myanmar Times Websites (Myanmar/English) To learn more about cookies, click here. [12] According to the World Energy Council, gas reserves are estimated at 244 Mtoe. Further, it highlights the importance of community participation and discusses the main renewable energy technologies that are suitable for mini-grid development in Myanmar including solar, hydro, and biomass. Germanys energy transition shows that it is possible to integrate fluctuating renewables and simultaneously strengthen grid stability, said Hans Josef-Fell, a German renewables expert from Energy Watch and former Green Party MP in Germanys Parliament. All but one of the winning bids for the 30 sites involved Chinese companies, with unit price ranging from 3.48 US cents to 5.1 cents per kilowatt hour. Interactive Chart Myanmar Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro), Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification. [14], Hydropower resources are estimated to be about 40 GW at a capacity factor of 0.40, giving a total yearly hydropower generation capacity of about 140 TWh. The country's refining capacity amounts to 51 kb/d, distributed in three small refineries: Thanlyin (20 kb/d), Thanbayakan (25 kb/d), and Chauk (6 kb/d). The Southeast Asian nation Myanmar is struggling to keep the lights on for its 54 million population since its democratically elected government was deposed by the military in February 2021. The area is relatively peaceful compared to other ethnic areas in Shan State. GE Commissions Hybrid Distributed Power Unit for Digo Village, Wrtsil Delivers Worlds Largest Solar Hybrid Power Plant, DOE Project Highlights Advantages of Hybrid Energy Storage, GE Renewable Energy to supply DC-Coupled system to Convergent for 123 MWh hybrid solar plus storage project in Upstate New York, It's Not About Base Load Performance Anymore, From the Lab to the Field: Making the Most of Your Microgrid, "The use of advanced simulation in the design of the Xe-100 Advanced Reactor Power Plant". Its estimated the 250 hybrid-power plants will offset more than 5,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually, which is equivalent to planting 75,000 trees. The Ministry of Electricity and Energy claimed that outages are caused by the increase in global gas prices, facility maintenance, and low water levels in hydropower dam reservoirs. Advocates of progressive energy policy argued in the 2018 report, it is no longer clear-cut that extending a centralized grid will be more cost-effective than investing in a mixture of renewable generation sources off-grid, with storage, either standalone or as part of micro, mini and meso-grids. Experts also assessed micro-hydropower generation systems in remote mountainous regions can provide solutions to supplying electricity to local populations in the country. Copyright 2022 The Myanmar Times. The tender winners are expected to implement the projects, which will generate a total of 1000 megawatts of energy, in time for summer next year. Kyungmee Kim is a Researcher at Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Climate Change and Risk Programme, where she focuses on climate change and conflict, and environmental peacebuilding. About ADB, how were organized, transparency, Projects, publications, products and services, operational priorities, and development knowledge, Countries with operations and subregional programs, country planning documents, Careers, business opportunities, and investor relations, Developing Renewable Energy Mini-Grids in Myanmar: A Guidebook, Guidelines, toolkits, and other "how-to" development resources, Papers or presentations at ADB and development events, Documents produced by, or submitted to, the ADB Board of Directors, Describes funds and financing arrangements, Highlights of ADB's sector or thematic work, Magazines and journals exploring development issues, Brief topical policy issues, Country Fact sheets and statistics, Describes country operations or strategies in ADB members, Memoranda between ADB and other organizations, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA), Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT), South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC), Civil Society/Non-government Organizations, Myanmar: Off-Grid Renewable Energy Demonstration Project, Information and Communications Technology, Community Participation and Gender Mainstreaming in Mini-Grid Projects, Summary of Lessons Learned from Pilot Projects, Renewable Energy Technologies for Mini-Grids. Electricity is expected to reach a maximum capacity of 150 MW in Mon State in fiscal 2020-21 and full coverage is being planned, U Win Bo, electrical engineer from the Mon State Electricity Supply Enterprise was quoted by state media as saying. [7][21] However, solar energy potential is higher compared to that of wind energy in Myanmar. Planned major hydropower plants have been designed mainly for export. The cost of electricity production was revealed to be 12 kyats per Kwh for government owned hydro power plants, 72 kyats per Kwh for private owned hydropower plants, 150 to 190 kyats for natural gas plants and 195 kyats for solar power plants. [1] Myanmars energy consumption per capita is one of the lowest in Southeast Asia due to the low electrification rate and a widespread poverty. (8) Myanmar Times TV This blog post is part of energytransition.org series of summary articles of aPaper Series on Energy Landscapes in Southeast Asia by the Heinrich-Bll-Stiftung Thailand. Interactive Chart Myanmar Crude Oil Production, Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our Asia Refineries Dataset. Myanmar currently generates most of its electricity through hydropower and natural gas. Current energy plans, which only aim for a meager 10-percent renewable energy output by 2030, are leading the country towards climate disaster, social conflict and environmental damage. Yoma Micro Power has set up its 250th solar-hybrid power plant in rural Myanmar, expected to deliver power 25,000 people across the country. Amid political, economic, and humanitarian crises in Myanmar, international actors, both development partners and researchers, have a role to play in supporting the people of Myanmar. The Myitsone Dam project, with a capacity of 6,000 MW, is expected to supply 100% of its electricity to China, while the Tasang Dam project with a planned capacity of 7,110 MW is planned to supply 1,500 MW to Thailand. Scaling up the solar power system to the community level has not been discussed much by communities in the Danu region. Total energy consumption rose rapidly until 2018 (7%/year on average between 2010 and 2017) and has progressed more slowly since then (2.5%/year), reaching 24 Mtoe in 2020. [7][17], Please help by moving some material from it into the body of the article.

[8] At the Myanmar Oil and Gas Society annual meeting on 24 January 2021, minister U Win Khaing mentioned that the country is realigning to new energy mix to hydropower 40%, solar 14%, domestic gas 34% and LNG 11%. We use this account to repost all the best articles about the global Energiewende from around the web. A ceremony to mark the completion of Yoma Micro Powers 250th power plant and the inauguration of an expanded mini-grid serving Thit Seint Gyi village in Wetlett township, Sagaing Division was attended by the Minister of Electricity of Sagaing Region Government, U Than Nyunt Win, Director Dr. Soe Soe Ohn of the Department of Rural Development, investors/directors from Norfund, AC Energy and Yoma Strategic, as well as members of the local community.
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