In December 2004 Radio Prague stated that: There are over 30,000 Vietnamese living in the Czech Republic and according to estimates some 3,500 are involved in business. Tritt, R., Struggling for Ethnic Identity: Czechoslovakias Endangered Gypsies, New York, Human Rights Watch, 1992. This cookie is set by Youtube. Visit Prague and explore its many historical monuments. Thus, the real number of Romani people in the country is estimated to be around 220,000. The Czech Republic is a central European country bordered by Germany, Austria, Poland, and Slovakia. Agriculture makes up a small 2.5% of the nation's GDP and includes products like cereals, vegetable oils, and hops. 71.2% (male 3,726,148; female 3,665,225) Fax: +44 (0)20 7422 4201, A company limited by guarantee in the UK no. Other ethnic groups include Germans, Romani people, Poles, and Hungarians. The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary". For most of its history, the territory of the modern-day Czech Republic was ethnically diverse. Others, such as Koreans and Chinese, whose numbers are unknown, work in textiles or producing cigarettes. In 2005 there were an estimated 480,000 foreign workers in the Czech Republic, of whom some 40 per cent were estimated to come from Slovakia and are mostly employed legally, unlike many workers from countries that are not members of the EU. The ethnic group lives mainly in three regions of Czech Republic, namely Bohemia, Czech Silesia, and Moravia. The Czech language (divided into three dialects in Bohemia, four dialects in Moravia, and two dialects in Czech Silesia) is the official language of the state. 15.2% (male; female ), 2007 From 1994 to 2003 natural growth was slightly negative (0.15% per year) and the population decreased to 10.2million. Notable among prewar settlements is the Moravian valley town of Zln, founded in 1923. Romani is also absent from legislative, judiciary, and other political texts but it has recently entered some university and elementary school courses. There are also Asian immigrant communities in the Czech Republic. [25] This was viewed rather as a temporary solution. These people constitute the second largest group in the country after Czechs with a population of 2.7 million. Address: 54 Commercial Street, London E1 6LT, UK Net decrease of 1 person every 360 minutes, Population estimates based on interpolation of data from World Population Prospects. 014 years: In 1990, an official Nationalities Council was instituted to provide a forum for consultation between the government and representatives of minorities. By clicking 'Accept', you consent to the use of all the cookies. Minorities, which "traditionally and on a long term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic" enjoy some privileges. While part of the economy of the European Union, the Czech Republic uses its currency, the Czech koruna, and has a fairly stable economy on its own. In 1989, the communist regime which had ruled Czechoslovakia since 1948 was overthrown. 014 years: Located in central Europe, the hilly country of the Czech Republic is landlocked and surrounded by Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. 014 years: Others claim to have no religion or that they are without religious affiliation (34.2%). These cookies track visitors across websites and collect information to provide customised ads. This cookie is set by Stripe payment gateway. Among other organisations are Pirin, Zaedno, Vazradane and Hyshove.[20].

This does not list officially recognized national minorities, but does make citizenship a criterion for being a member of a national minority. The German-Czech Declaration of 21 January 1997 covered the two most critical issuesthe role of some Sudeten Germans in the breakup of Czechoslovakia in 1938 and their expulsion after World War II.

Evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the region date back to the Paleolithic era, and the modern-day Czech Republic has been inhabited and conquered by many groups over its long history. 14.2% (male 565,374; female 892,879), 2004 [24] They were partly leftists, communists and guerillas with their relatives, hence the willingness of Czechoslovak government to allow the immigration. Various Sudeten German dialects are currently practically extinct: present Czech Germans speak mainly Czech or Standard German. After the defeat of DSE and other left-wing guerillas, the Greeks stayed in Czechoslovakia. We have a small favour to ask: if you appreciate our work, would you mind considering making a donation to support our work? The Czech people have historically been considered indifferent toward religion in general. About 1.4 million people from Czechoslovakia fought in World War 1, and by 1938, the country was 10th in world industrial production. 14.2% (male; female ) Poles in the Zaolzie region, Germans in the Hultschiner region) while the "new minorities" are scattered among the majority population (generally in the larger towns). This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Czech Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, and religious affiliations. Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia retained rights of self-government throughout the four centuries of Habsburg rule, although most of Silesia was lost to Prussia in 1740.

The group was initially called the Bohemians because of their initial settlement in Bohemia during the late Iron Age. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. 20.23% (male 907,255 /female 1,257,515), 2017 The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Performance". 65 years and over: This rather slow rate of growth was attributable in part to changes in lifestyle associated with urbanization and with the increased employment of women outside the home. [11], Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. At the last census in 2011, "nationality" was optional and about 26% left this blank. Although religious freedom was restored in 1989, in the early 21st century almost nine-tenths of Czechs claimed no religious affiliation. Nevertheless, the policies pursued by the Czech government indicated a strategy of benign neglect which was likely to lead to the gradual assimilation of minorities. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. 014 years:

The most concentrated linguistic minority in the Czech Republic are ethnic Poles, historically the plurality, today constituting about 10% of the population of Karvin and Frdek-Mstek districts. the right to education in their own language: the first Bulgarian school in the current Czech Republic was established in 1946 in Prague. Almost half (45.2%) of the Czech population prefer not to respond to religious questions in the Census. New towns were founded both before and after World War II. The median age in the Czech Republic is now 43.2 years, ten years older than it was in 1980. 70.8% (male 3,625,092; female 3,608,696) [11], At the turn of the century, the Czech Republic had one of the lowest fertility rates in the world.

Minority representatives, on the other hand, consider that this is also due to certain organizational shortcomings of the census, such as failure to publicize the availability of forms in minority languages, and a lack of transparency in selecting persons belonging to national minorities to serve as census-takers. Note: Crude migration change (per 1000) is a trend analysis, an extrapolation based average population change (current year minus previous) minus natural change of the current year (see table vital statistics). 64% of the Czech Republic's population is Czech, followed by Moravians (5%), Slovaks (1.4%), Poles (0.4%) and Germans (0.2%). They mostly live in the large cities and towns, such as Prague, Brno, Ostrava, Karlovy Vary, Kladno, st nad Labem, Dn, and Havov. [22] There is no bilingual education system in Western and Northern Bohemia, where the German minority is mostly concentrated. As average population is an estimate of the population in the middle of the year and not end of the year. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The country's population density is 347 people per square mile (134 people per square kilometer), which ranks 62nd in the world.

According to the most recent Eurobarometer Poll 2005,[39] 19% of Czech citizens responded that "they believe there is a God", whereas 50% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 30% that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, god, or life force"; the percentage of believers is thus the lowest of EU countries after Estonia with 16%. During the Second World War, the Jewish and Roma minorities were almost entirely eliminated. [27] Still, only a couple of villages with large Polish minorities have bilingual signs (Vendryn/Wdrynia for instance). The Czech Republic has attracted a substantial migrant community, partly because of its burgeoning economy and partly because it is a convenient transit point between Western and Eastern Europe. The Czech Republic is currently growing at a rate of 0.18%. A visit to Czechoslovakia by Pope John Paul II in April 1990 celebrated the resurgence of Roman Catholicism, and roughly one-tenth of Czechs are adherents of that faith. The purpose of the cookie is to determine if the user's browser supports cookies. 1564 years: There are 8,503,151 people over age 18 in Czech Republic.

014 years: ), Minorities in Central and Eastern Europe, London, MRG, 1993. The decrease in population will be about as slow as the growth has been and it is unlikely that the country will see any significant changes in their numbers in the near future. 1564 years: (The Administrative Rule) in its paragraph 16 (4) (Procedural Language) provides that a citizen of the Czech Republic who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on a long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, has the right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority. A poll in 2010 found that just 16% of Czechs say they do believe in a God, which is the lowest rate among all European Union countries.

Ligeois, J.-P. and Gheorghe, N., Roma/Gypsies: A European Minority, London, MRG, 1995. Atheism was the official policy of the communist government, and the churches role was largely restricted to religious rites. Other ethnic communities like Greeks, Turks, Italians, and Yugoslavs are found in Prague.

In the 1990s the principal legislative acts of the Czech Republic provided for the protection of minorities and for the preservation of their identity. 65 years and over: The Czech Republic covers a total surface area of 30,450 square miles (78,865 square kilometers), which ranks 118th in the world in terms of size. 1524 years: The cookies store information anonymously and assign a randomly generated number to identify unique visitors. 70.6% (male; female ) However, this is in large part due to the absence of German-speaking youth, a heritage of the post-war policy of the Communist government.

14.7% (male 773,028; female 731,833) Since 2005, natural growth has been positive, but in recent times the most important influence on the population of the Czech Republic has been immigration: approximately 300,000 during the 2010s. The cookie also tracks the behavior of the user across the web on sites that have Facebook pixel or Facebook social plugin. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyse and understand how you use this website. The executive powers of the premier are derived from the constitution of the country. Today, the Czech Republic has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, well below replacement value, and growth is now entirely driven by immigration. The Czech Republic has a population of about 1.2 million people divided into several ethnic groups. 15.2% (male 797,847; female 756,628) Czechoslovakia was disassembled in 19389, re-established in 1945 and divided once again into the Czech Republic and Slovakia at midnight on 31 December 1992. Poles have the right to use their language in official dealings; the public media (Czech TV and Czech Radio) regularly broadcast in Polish; and there are many Polish primary and secondary schools in the area. Other major cities include Brno (386,000 city, 730,000 metro) and Ostrava (305,000 city, 1.1 million metro). 10, summer 1994, pp. There are also Eastern Orthodox congregations and various small Protestant sects, of which the Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren is one of the most important. This recent inclusion of Serbs shows that the Czech authorities favour an open approach to the personal scope of application of minority rights. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies.

Other organized religions, including non-organized believers, totalled about (9.4%) (as of Census 2011). Article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms provides the right of the national and ethnic minorities to education and communication with authorities in their own language.

1 In 2011 a large part of the population did not claim any ethnicity, before the census it was widely mediatized that the question is not mandatory. The constitution, however, deals only briefly with the rights of minorities, permitting their right to identity and the use of their own language in public affairs, and their protection from the will of the majority (Article 25). With an estimated population of 10,701,800 as of 2020, compared to 9.3million at the beginning of the 20th century, the population growth of the Czech Republic has been limited, due to low fertility rates and loss of population in and around World Wars I and II. In total, the Roma in the CR now number around 200,000. 65 years and over:

The German minority of the Czech Republic, historically the largest minority of the country, was almost entirely removed when 3 million were forcibly expelled in 19456 on the basis of the Potsdam agreement. In advance of the separation of Czech Republic from Czechoslovakia, a new constitution was promulgated by the Czech Parliament and came into force in January 1993. Moreover, by the early 21st century a decrease in the birth rate and increase in the average life span resulted in a generally older Czech population. In the period of the framework, and the Slovaks were significantly influenced by the Czechs especially their Slovak language. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Both Czechia and the Czech Republic are correct when referring to the country. On July 5, 2016, the Czech Republic registered its short-form name, Czechia (pronounced CHECK-iya). In practice, those officially recognized as such belong to groups represented on the Council for National Minorities, a government advisory body. During the communist era the governments of Czechoslovakia and Vietnam had a deal concerning the education of Vietnamese people in Czechoslovakia. The Bulgarian Cultural Organisation publishes the magazine Roden Glas, while a folklore organisation Kytka promotes traditional Bulgarian dances. The largest denominations are Roman Catholicism, estimated at 10.3% of the population, Protestant (0.5%), Hussites (0.4%). 65 years and over: Performance cookies are used to understand and analyse the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. For other languages spoken in the Czech Republic, see the above section on officially recognised minorities. 1564 years: Later, more transports, also including adults, arrived.

The Polish minority has been decreasing substantially since World War II as education in Polish was difficult to obtain, while Czech authorities did not permit bilingual signs to maintain Polish awareness among the population. 614a Obyvatelstvo podle vku, nrodnosti a pohlav", Petr Lhotka: Romov v esk republice po roce 1989, "Government Council for National Minorities", Peter Josika: Mehrsprachig: Ein Faktor der Vershnung, "Podkladov materily pro Radu vldy pro nrodnostn meniny o situaci eck meniny v esk republice", "R01Foreigners in the CR in the years 20042020 (as at 31 December)", Statistical Yearbook of the Czech Republic 2018, Statistical Yearbook of the Czech Republic 2019, "Population by denomination and sex: as measured by 1921, 1930, 1950, 1991 and 2001 censuses", "Tab 7.1 Population by religious belief and by municipality size groups", "Tab 7.2 Population by religious belief and by regions", "Eurobarometer on Social Values, Science and technology 2005 page 11", Czech Statistical Office, state institution responsible to provide official data about Czech Republic,, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, Believers identified with another specific religion, Believers not identified with any specific religion, total: 43.3 years. There are different groups of national and ethnic minorities in the Czech Republic. It does not store any personal data. A notable exception are some frontier areasthe low densities of which reflect the induced emigration of minorities, such as the three million Sudeten Germans who were expelled after World War II. Keersmaeker, G. de, Citizenship law in the Czech Republic, Helsinki Citizens Assembly Quarterly, no. One of the towns with the largest Vietnamese communities is Cheb. 1564 years: The economic migration of Bulgarians to the Czech Republic began in the 1990s. Used by Google DoubleClick and stores information about how the user uses the website and any other advertisement before visiting the website. Email: Click hereTelephone: +44 (0)20 7422 4200 The collectivization of farmland that took place in the decades following World War II resulted in a pattern of large, regularly shaped fields, replacing the centuries-old division of land into small, irregular, privately owned plots.

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